Articles Posted in US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

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Morrone participates in a ʺdefined benefit planʺ offered by the Pension Fund. From 1970-1996, Morrone earned benefits under the Plan; in 1997, he stopped working union jobs. Under the Plan, a participant is entitled to the accrual rates ʺin effect at the time [he] ultimately separates from Covered Employment.ʺ In 1994, the Plan was amended to allow a worker who took a hiatus to bridge the gap by working five years. In 1999, the Plan removed the Five Year Rule and reinstated the Parity Rule, under which a worker with a break in Covered Employment of two or more years could bridge that gap and reactivate pension credits earned pre-hiatus by working for at least as many years after the break as the length of the break. Morrone returned to Covered Employment in 2012 and requested an estimate of the benefits he would receive should he retire in 2017. The estimate applied the Parity Rule: Pension credits that he earned pre-hiatus were assigned the 1996 rate; those earned since 2012 were valued at the current rate. Because Morrone had taken a 15‐year hiatus and would have returned to Covered Employment for only six years as of 2017, he was not entitled to the current accrual rate for his pre-hiatus pension credits. Applying the Five Year Rule would give Morrone an extra $705 per month. The Second Circuit affirmed summary judgment, in favor of the Fund, finding that the 1999 Amendment did not decrease Morroneʹs accrued benefits in violation of ERISAʹs anti‐cutback rule, 29 U.S.C. 1054(g). The higher benefit accrual rates that Morrone demands are not a ʺretirement‐type subsidyʺ but would constitute his normal retirement benefit if he satisfied the conditions to receiving them: the Parity Rule. View "Morrone v. Pension Fund of Local Number One, I.A.T.S.E." on Justia Law

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Plaintiffs, retired officers of Booz Allen, filed suit alleging that they were improperly denied compensation when, after their retirement, Booz Allen sold one of its divisions in the Carlyle Transaction. The Second Circuit affirmed the district court's dismissal of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq., claims on the ground that Booz Allen's stock-distribution program was not a pension plan within the meaning of ERISA, and denial as futile leave to amend to "augment" the ERISA claims with new allegations; affirmed the dismissal of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. 1961 et seq., claims on the ground that they were barred by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (PSLRA), 18 U.S.C. 1964(c); but vacated the district court's judgment to the extent it denied Plaintiff Kocourek leave to amend to add securities-fraud causes of action. The court remanded for the district court to consider his claims. View "Pasternack v. Shrader" on Justia Law

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The Second Circuit affirmed the district court's award of equitable relief in this Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq., action. The court rejected defendants' challenges to the district court's award of equitable relief under section 502(a)(3). The court held that the district court did not err in rejecting defendants' challenge to the timeliness of participants' claims; ordering class-wide relief on participants' section 404(a) claims without requiring individualized proof of detrimental reliance; and concluding that mistake, a prerequisite to the equitable remedy of reformation, had been shown by clear and convincing evidence as to all class members. Finally, the district court did not abuse its discretion by awarding equitable relief. View "Osberg v. Foot Locker, Inc." on Justia Law

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Former employees of World Airways challenged the dismissal of their complaint seeking damages for fraud, breach of contract and violation of an employee benefit plan. The Second Circuit agreed with the district court that plaintiffs' state law claims arose under the Railway Labor Act (RLA), 45 U.S.C. 151 et seq., and were thus preempted. Because those claims bear a close resemblance to claims brought pursuant to the Employee Retirement Income Securities Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq., the court found it appropriate to borrow and apply the three‐year statute of limitations set forth in Section 1113 of ERISA rather than the six‐month limitations period the district court borrowed from Section 10(b) of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), 29 U.S.C.160(b). Accordingly, the court vacated the dismissal of the RLA claims and remanded for further consideration. The court affirmed in all other respects. View "Pruter v. Local 210’s Pension Trust Fund" on Justia Law